Links to HoneyBush articles and interest. 

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Living Foods/Bocca Dolce   Plettenberg Bay

 South African HoneyBush Tea Association SAHTA

The Sweet facts of HoneyBush. Department of Economic Development and Tourism.

Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa (2011)

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Our Famous local restaurant Belfry Kitchen located in Twee Riviere.

Eden to Addo Corridor Initiative.




  • Rooibos Tea Board Annual Report 1993, Final report for the period ending 30. Sept. 1993, In: Government Publication South Africa 1990
  • Prof. Daneel Ferreira, Charlene Marais, Dr. Jacobus A. Steenkamp and Elisabeth Joubert: Rooibos Tea as a likely Health Food Supplement, In: Department of Chemistry, University of the Orange Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300 South Africa or Infruitec, Private Bag X 5013, Stellenbosch, 7599 South Africa.
  • The State Library, Periodical article : "Sweet aroma of Rooibos", Document Delivery, IN: Food Industries (1992), Vol. 45, Is. 11, p.25
  • Honeybush health Canada.
  • Infruitec Stellenbosch, Department of Fruit Science, E. Joubert, Private Bag X5013, Stellenbosch, 7599, South Africa
  • Carlene Rabe, Jacobus A. Steenkamp, Elizabeth Joubert, Johann F.W. Burger and Daneel Ferreira : Phenolic Metabolites from Rooibos Tea (Aspalathus Linearis), Department of Chemistry, University of the Orange Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300 South Africa, Infruitec, Private Bag X 5013, Stellenbosch, 7599 South Africa, In: Phytochemistry (1994), Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 1559-1565
  • E. Joubert, D.Ferreira: Antioxidants of Rooibos tea – a possible explanation for its health promoting properties, In: The SA Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, Vol. 8, No.3, Sep. 1996, pp. 79-83
  • M.G.L. Hertog, E.J.M Feskens, P.C.H. Hollmann, M.B. Katan, D. Kromhout: Dietary antioxidant flavonoids and risk of coronary heart disease, The Zutphen Elderly Study, In: Lancet (1993), 342, pp. 1007-11
  • Department of Chemistry, University of the Orange Free State, P.O Box 339, Bloemfontein, 9300, South Africa
  • Schmirnoff, N.: The Function and Metabolism of Ascorbic Acid in Plants, In: Annals of Botany (1996) 78, pp. 661-669
  • Johnson, M.A., Fischer J.G.: Role of Minerals in Protection Against Free Radicals, In: Food Technology (1994), 48, 5,, pp. 112-120
  • Von Gadow, A, Joubert, E., Hausmann, C.F.: Comparison of the Antioxidant Activity of Aspalathus with that of other plant phenols of Rooibos Tea (Aspalathus Linearis), alpha-Tocopherol, BHT, and BHA, In: J.Agric. Food Chem. (1997), 45, pp. 632-638
  • Snyckers FO, Salemi G.: Studies of South African medicinal plants. Part 1 Quercetin as the major in vitro active component of Rooibos tea. In: J. South Afr. Chem. Inst. (1974), 27, pp.5-7
  • Koeppen, BH, Smit CJB, Roux DG: The flavone C-glycosides and the flavonol O-glycosides of Aspalathin acumunatus (Rooibos tea), In: Biochem. J.(1962), 83, pp.507-11
  • Koeppen BH, Roux DG.: C-glycosylflavonoids. The chemistry of orientin and iso-orientin. In: Biochem.J. (1965, 97,pp. 444-8
  • Busse WW, Kopp DE, Middleton, E.: Flavonoid modulation of human neutrophil function. In: J.Allergy Clin. Immunol (1990), 73, pp.801-809
  • Gryglewski RJ, Korbut R., Robak, J., Swies, J.: On the mechanism of antithrombotic action of flavonoids. In: Biochem Pharmarcol (1987), 36, pp. 317-22
  • Selway JWT: Antiviral activity of flavones and flavans. In: Cody V. Middleton E., Harborne JB Eds: Plant Flavonoids in Biology and Medicine: Biochemical, Pharmacological and Structure-Activity Relationships. New York: Alan R. Liss. Inc.(1986), pp. 521-536
  • Hodnick WF, Roettger WJ. Kung FS, Bohmont CW, Pardini RS: Inhibition of mitochodrial respiration and production of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide by flavonoids: A structure activity study. In: Cody V. Middleton E. Harborne JB. Eds. Plant Flavonoids in Biology and Medicine: Biochemical. Pharmacological, and Structure-Activity Relationships. New York: Alan R. Liss.Inc. (1986), pp.249-52
  • Huang MT. Wood AW. Newmark HL et. Al: Inhibition of mutagenicity of bay-region diol-epoxides of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by phenolic plant flavonoids. In: Carcinogenesis (1983), 4,pp. 1631-7
  • Kato R., Nekadate T. Yamamoto S., Sugimura T.: Inhibition of 12-0-tetradecanolyphorbo-13-acetate-induced tumor production and ornithine decarboxylase activity by quercetin: possible involvement of lipoxygenase inhibition. In: Carcinogenesis (1983)m 1, pp 1301-5
  • Stavric B.: Quercetin in our diet: from potent mutagen to probably anticarcinogen. In: Clin. Biochem. (1994), 27, pp. 245-8
  • Habu T., Flath R.A., Mon T.R., Morton J.F., In: J.Agric.Food Chem. (1985), 33 (2), pp. 249
  • Kawakami, M., Kobayashi A., Kator, K., In: J.Agric. Food.Chem. (1993), 41, pp.633
  • Shindo, Y., Kato, K. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Tea Science, The Organizing Committee of ISTS, Shizuoka, Japan, Kurofane Co. Ltd. (1991), pp. 385
  • Joubert, E.: Effect of batch extraction conditions on extraction of polyphenol from Rooibos tea (Aspalathus Linearis), In: International Journal of Food Science and Technology (1990), 25, pp. 339-343
  • Joubert, E.: HPLC quantification of the dihydrochalcones, Aspalathin and nothofagin in Rooibos tea (Aspalathus Linearis) as affected by processing, In: Food Chemistry (1996), Vol. 55, No.4, pp. 403-411
  • Gow Chin Yen, Hui-Yin Chen, Hui-Hsuan Peng: Antioxidants and Pro-Oxidant Effects of Various Tea Extracts, In: J.Agric. Food Chem. (1997), 45, pp. 30-34
  • Noroozi, M., Angerson W.J., Lean, M.EJ: Effects of flavonoids and Vitamin C on oxidative DNA damage to human lymphocytes, In: Am.J.Clin.Nutr. (1998), 67, pp. 1210-8
  • Ratty, A.K., Das, N.P.: Effects of flavonoids on non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation: structure activity relationship. In: Biochem.Med. (1988), 39, pp. 69-79.
  • Hanasaki, Y., Ogawa, S., Fukui, S.: The correlation between active oxygen’s scavenging and anti-oxidative effects of flavonoids. In: Free Radical Biol. Med. (1994), 16, pp. 845-850
  • Morel, I., Lescoat, G., Cillard, P., Cillard, J.: Role of flavonoids and iron chelation in antioxidant action. In: Methods Enzymol (1994), 234, pp. 437-443 
  • Ratty, A.K., Sunamoto, J, Das, N.P.: Interaction of flavonoids with 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radical, liposomal membranes, and soybean lipoxygenase-1. In: Biochem. Pharmacol (1988), 37, pp.989-995
  • Kies, P.: Revison on the genus Cyclopia and notes on some other sources of bush tea (1951), In: Bothalia 6, pp. 161-176
  • Du Toit, Jaco: Development of a standardized processing method for Honeybush Tea (Cyclopia), Master of Science in Food science, Dec. 1996, Department of Food Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa
  • Kamara, B.I.: Structure and synthesis of phenolic metabolites from Honeybush Tea (Cyclopia Intermedia), Master of Science, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences at the University of Orange Free State Bloemfontein, Nov. 1997,
  • Du Toit J.; Joubert, E.: The effect of pretreatment on the fermentation of Honeybush Tea (Cyclopia maculata), 1998, In: Journal of Science Food Agric., 76, pp 537-545
  • Ferreira, D.; Kamara, B.I.; Brandt, E.V.; Joubert, E.: Phenolic compounds from Cyclopia Intermedia (Honeybush Tea), 1998, In: J. Agric. Food.Chem. 1998, 46, pp. 3406-3410
  • Schutte-Vlok, A.L.: Not all milk and Honeybush Tea, Sep. 1998, In: Veld & Flora, 1998, pp. 90-91
  • De Nysschen, A.M.; Van Wyk, B-E.; Van Heerden, F.; Schutte, A.L.: The major phenolic compounds in the leaves of Cyclopia species (Honeybush tea), Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Vol. 24, No.3 ,pp 243-246, 1996
  • Joubert, Lizette: Coffee, tea or Honeybush?, In: Food Industries of South Africa, April, 1996, pp. 29-30
  • Terblance S.E.: Report on Honeybush tea, Department of Biochemistry, University of Port Elizabeth, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. 1982
  • Beecher, C.W.W.; Farnsworth, N.R.; Gyllenhaal, C.: Pharmacologically active secondary metabolites from wood, In: Natural Products of woody plants II, ed. Rowe, J.W. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 1059-1164, 1989
  • Narayanan C.R, Joshi, D.D.; Mujumdar A.; Dhekne V.V.: Pinitol- a new anti-diabetic from the leaves of Bougainvillea Spectabilis, In: Curr. Sci. 56, pp. 139-141Ahima RS, Flier JSLeptin – Annual Review of Physiology2000;62:413–437. Arthur H, Joubert E, De Beer D, Malherbe CJ, Witthuhn RC
  • Phenylethanoid glycosides as major antioxidants in Lippia multifloraherbal infusions and their stability during steam pasteurisation of plant material. Food Chemistry2012;127:581–588
  • Auwerx JPPARgamma, the ultimate thrifty gene. Diabetologia1999;42:1033–1049
  • Beltran-Debon R, Rull A, Rodriguez-Sanabria F, Iswaldi I, Herranz-Lopez M, Aragones G, et alContinuous administration of polyphenols from aqueous rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) extract ameliorates dietary-induced metabolic disturbances in hyperlipidemic mice. Phytomedicine2011;18:414–42
  • Bok SH, Lee SH, Park YB, Bae KH, Son KH, Jeong TS, et alPlasma and hepatic cholesterol and hepatic activities of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase and acyl CoA: cholesterol transferase are lower in rats fed citrus peel extract or a mixture of citrus bioflavonoids. Journal Nutrition1999;129:1182–1185
  • Cawthorn WP, Heyd F, Hegyi K, Sethi JKTumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibits adipogenesis via a beta-catenin/TCF4(TCF7L2)-dependent pathway. Cell Death & Differentiation2007;14:1361–1373
  • Chiba H, Uehara M, Wu J, Wang X, Masuyama R, Suzuki K, et alHesperidin, a citrus flavonoid, inhibits bone loss and decreases serum and hepatic lipids in ovariectomized mice. Journal of Nutrition2003;133:1892–1897
  • De Beer D, Jerz G, Joubert E, Winterhalter P, Wray VIsolation of isomangiferin from honeybush (Cyclopia subternata) using high-speed counter-current chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A.2009;1216:4282–4289
  • De Beer D, Joubert EDevelopment of HPLC method for Cyclopia subternata phenolic compound analysis and application to other Cyclopia spp. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis2010;23:289–297
  • Dimitrakoudis D, Vranic M, Klip AEffects of hyperglycemia on glucose transporters of the muscle: use of the renal glucose reabsorption inhibitor phlorizin to control glycemia. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology1992;3:1078–1091
  • Du Toit J, Joubert E, Britz TJHoneybush tea – a rediscovered indigenous South African herbal tea. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture1998;12:67–84
  • Emim JA, Oliveira AB, Lapa AJPharmacological evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activity of a citrus bioflavonoid, hesperidin, and the isoflavonoids, duartin and claussequinone, in rats and mice. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.1994;46:118–122
  • Escarpa A, Gonzalez MCHigh-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection for the determination of phenolic compounds in peel and pulp from different apple varieties. Journal of Chromatography A1998;823:331–337
  • Ferreira D, Kamara BI, Brandt EV, Joubert EPhenolic compounds from Cyclopia Intermedia (honeybush tea). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry1998;46:3406–3410
  • Fraga CG, Galleano M, Verstraeten SV, Oteiza PIBasic biochemical mechanisms behind the health benefits of polyphenols.Molecular Aspects of Medicine2010;31:435–445
  • Garrido G, Gonzalez D, Lemus Y, Garcia D, Lodeiro L, Quintero G, et alIn vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Mangifera indica L. extract (VIMANG). Pharmacological Research2004;50:143–149
  • Giron MD, Sevillano N, Salto R, Haidour A, Manzano M, Jimenez ML, et alSalacia oblonga extract increases glucose transporter 4-mediated glucose uptake in L6 rat myotubes: role of mangiferin. Clinical Nutrition2009;28:565–574
  • Guo F, Huang C, Liao X, Wang Y, He Y, Feng R, et alBeneficial effects of mangiferin on hyperlipidemia in high-fat-fed hamsters.Molecular Nutrition & Food Research2011;55:1809–1818
  • Hsu CL, Yen GCPhenolic compounds: evidence for inhibitory effects against obesity and their underlying molecular signaling mechanisms. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research2008;52:53–61
  • Hwang JT, Kwon DY, Yoon SHAMP-activated protein kinase: a potential target for the diseases prevention by natural occurring polyphenols. New Biotechnology2009;26:17–22